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A Sikh is a follower of Sikhi, a monotheistic, monist, pantheist religion that originated in the 15th century from the Punjab region in the Indian subcontinent. The term "Sikh" means disciple, student, or. Some historians suggests that the name "Sikh" is derived from the ancient term "Saka". A Sikh is a disciple/subject of the Guru. According to the Guru Granth Sahib, the Guru of the Sikhs, the definition of a Sikh follows: According to Article I of the "Rehat Maryada", a Sikh is defined as "any human being who faithfully believes in One Immortal Being; ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh; the Guru Granth Sahib; the teachings of the ten Gurus and the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru; and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion". Sikhs believe in the equality of humankind, the concept of universal brotherhood and One Supreme transcendent and immanent God. The Sikh religion was founded by Guru Nanak. The origins of Sikhism lie in the teachings of Guru Nanak and his successors. The essence of Sikh teaching is summed up by Nanak in these words: "Realization of Truth is higher than all else. Higher still is truthful living". Sikh teaching emphasizes the principle of equality of all humans and rejects discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, and gender. According to Sikh tradition, the Guru spread his teachings wherever he traveled. Near the end of his life the Guru had many followers from many walks of life and religions. The Guruship was consecutively passed down to nine other Gurus, who were stated to have the divine light of God with them. These Gurus strengthened and expanded the Sikh religion and the revelations of God. The final and last Guruship was bestowed upon a combined institution of holy-book immersed in The Guru Granth Sahib Ji and people i.e the Guru Khalsa. (via Freebase)