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A refugee is a person who is outside their country of origin or habitual residence because they have suffered persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or because they are a member of a persecuted 'social group' or because they are fleeing natural disaster. Such a person may be referred to as an 'asylum seeker' until recognized by the state where they make a claim. As of January 31, 2005, the largest source countries of refugees are Afghanistan, Iraq, Sierra Leone, Myanmar, South Sudan, and the Palestinian Territories. The country with the largest number of IDPs is South Sudan, with over 5 million. As of 2006, with 800,000 refugees and IDPs, Azerbaijan had the highest per capita IDP population in the world. (via Freebase)