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Qom is a city in Iran. It lies 125 kilometres by road southwest of Tehran and is the capital of Qom Province. At the 2011 census its population was 1,074,036, comprising 545,704 men and 528,332 women. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River. Qom city enjoys a dry and warm climate with low annual rainfall due to remoteness from the sea and being situated in the vicinity of desert. Qom is considered holy by Shi`a Islam, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatema Mæ'sume, sister of Imam `Ali ibn Musa Rida. The city is the largest center for Shi'a scholarship in the world, and is a significant destination of pilgrimage. Qom is also known as "The City Of Science", "The City Of Libraries", "Computerized Capital Of Iran", "Internet Capital Of Iran", "The Capital Of Silky Carpets" and "The Cheapest City In Iran". Qom is famous for a sweet called "Souhan", considered a souvenir of the city and sold by 2000 to 2500 "Souhan" shops. (via Freebase)