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The politics of Spain take place under the framework established by the constitution of 1978. Spain is established as a social and democratic State, wherein the national sovereignty is vested in the Spanish People, from which the powers of the State emanate. The political form of government of Spain is a parliamentary monarchy, that is, a social representative, democratic, constitutional monarchy in which the Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister — whose official title is "president of the Government" — is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by "The Government", which is integrated by the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers, and other ministers, which collectively form the Council of Ministers. Legislative power is vested in the Cortes Generales (General Courts), a bicameral parliament constituted by the Congress of Deputies and the Senate. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature, administering justice on behalf of the King by several judges and magistrates. The Supreme Court of Spain is the highest court in the nation, with jurisdiction in all Spanish territories, superior to all in all affairs, except in constitutional matters, which are competence of the Constitutional Court. Spain's political system is a multi-party system, but since the 1990s, two parties have been predominant in politics, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and the People's Party. Regional parties, mainly the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) from the Basque Country, and Convergence and Union (CiU) and the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) from Catalonia, have also played key roles in Spanish politics. Members of the Congress of Deputies are selected through proportional representation, and the Executive Government is to be formed by the party or coalition that has the confidence of the Congress, usually the party with the largest number of seats. Since the Spanish transition to democracy, there have not been coalition governments; when a party has failed to obtain absolute majority, minority governments have been formed. Regional government functions under a system known as "the State of Autonomies", a highly decentralized system of territorial administration based on asymmetrical devolution to the "nationalities and regions" that constitute the nation, and in which the nation, via the central government, retains full sovereignty. The Spanish territory is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities. The form of government of each autonomous community and autonomous city is also based on a parliamentary system, in which the executive power is vested on a "president" and a Council of Ministers elected by and responsible to a unicameral legislative assembly. (via DBpedia)