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The Kofi Annan peace plan for Syria or the six-point peace plan for Syria, launched in February 2012, is considered the most serious international attempt to resolve the Syrian civil war in the Middle East diplomatically. The peace plan enforced a cease-fire to take place across Syria since 10 April 2012, though in reality the cease-fire was announced by the Syrian government on 14 April 2012. Following the Houla massacre and the consequent Free Syrian Army ultimatum to the Syrian government, the cease-fire practically collapsed towards the end of May 2012, as the FSA began nation-wide offensives against the government troops. On 1 June 2012, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad vowed to crush the anti-regime uprising, after the FSA announced that it was resuming “defensive operations.” Following a prolonging discourse of the peace mission, Kofi Annan resigned on August 2, 2012. On 17 August 2012, Lakhdar Brahimi was appointed the new UN-Arab League peace envoy for Syria. (via Freebase)