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The Islamic State of Iraq, is an umbrella organization of a number of Iraqi insurgent groups established on October 15, 2006. The group is composed of and supported by a variety of insurgency groups, including its predecessor, the Mujahideen Shura Council, Al-Qaeda, Jeish al-Fatiheen, Jund al-Sahaba, Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah, Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura, etc., and other clans whose population is of Sunni faith. It aims to establish a caliphate in the Sunni dominated regions of Iraq. It claims a significant presence in the governorates of Al Anbar and Ninawa, both bordering the unstable country of Syria, as well as Kirkuk, most of Salah ad Din, and parts of Babil, Diyala, and Baghdad, etc. It initially claimed Baqubah as its capital. (via Freebase)