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Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Located on the east banks of the Buriganga River in the heart of the Bengal delta, Dhaka has an estimated population of more than 15 million people, making it the largest city in Bangladesh and the 9th largest city in the world. It is known as the City of Mosques, and with 400,000 cycle-rickshaws running on its streets every day, the city is described as the Rickshaw Capital of the World. Dhaka is also one of the world's most densely populated cites. Under the Mughal Empire in the 17th-century, the city was known as Jahangir Nagar. It served as the capital of Bengal and prospered as the centre of the worldwide muslin trade. The modern city, however, developed chiefly under British rule in the 19th-century. It was the capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam between 1905 and 1911. After the Partition of British India, Dhaka became the administrative capital of East Pakistan, and later, in 1971, the capital of independent Bangladesh. During the intervening period, the city witnessed widespread turmoil; this included many impositions of martial law, the declaration of Bangladesh's independence, military suppression, devastation during war, poverty and natural calamities. (via Freebase)