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Boris Efimovich Nemtsov is a Russian statesman and liberal politician, a co-chair of the RPR-PARNAS political party, one of the leaders of Solidarnost movement and an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin. Nemtsov may be best known as the 1st Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Later he worked in Government of Russia as Minister of fuel and energy, Vice Premier of Russia and Security Council member from 1997 to 1998. In 1998 he founded the Young Russia movement. In 1998, he co-founded the coalition group Right Cause and in 1999, he co-formed Union of Right Forces, electoral bloc and subsequently political party. He was elected several times as Russian parliament member. Nemtsov was a member of Congress of People's Deputies, Federation Council and State Duma. He also worked as Vice Speaker of the State Duma and the leader of parliamentary group of Union of Right Forces. After a split in the Union of Right Forces in 2008, he co-founded Solidarnost. In 2010, he co-formed coalition For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption. Since 2012 Nemtsov has been co-chair of Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party, a registered political party. (via Freebase)