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Al Fashir, Al-Fashir or El Fasher is the capital city of North Darfur, Sudan. It is a large town in the Darfur region of northwestern Sudan, 120 miles northeast of Nyala, Sudan. A historical caravan post, Al-Fashir is located at an elevation of about 2,400 feet. The town serves as an agricultural marketing point for the cereals and fruits grown in the surrounding region. Al-Fashir is linked by road with both Al-Junaynah and Umm Kaddadah. Late in the 18th century, Sultan 'Abd al-Rahman al-Rashed of the Fur Sultanate of Darfur founded his capital city at Al-Fashir, and the town developed around the sultan's palace grounds. It was one of the cities Amelia Earhart visited while attempting to cross the world. Al-Fashir has 264,734 residents, increased from 2001, population 178,500. Due to the nearby Abu Shouk and Al Salam IDP camps with the influx of humanitarian aid from the United Nations as a result of the Darfur crisis, the city has experienced a significant economic and population boom. Rents and retail sales increased, including the selling of bottled water and the opening of a pizza parlor to cater to the demand from western aid workers. The number of gas stations has tripled in three years as a result of the increase in the amount of automobiles in the city. Employment opportunities also increased as the United Nations offered jobs to citizens. Economics analyst Adam Ahmed stated that the "people [of Al-Fashir] are beginning to think in a more business-minded way" to make the most of their situation. (via Freebase)