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al-Bireh, al-Birah or el-Bira is a Palestinian city adjacent to Ramallah in the central West Bank, 15 kilometers north of Jerusalem. It is situated on the central ridge running through the West Bank and is 860 meters above sea level, covering an area of 22.4 square kilometers. Its name means “Water Well,” and is believed to be derived from the biblical Beeroth. Because of its location al-Bireh served as an economic crossroad between the north and south, along the caravan route between Jerusalem and Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the city had a population of approximately 39,202 in the 2007 census. (via Freebase)