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In Brazil, the term preto is one of the five categories used by the Brazilian Census, along with branco, pardo, amarelo and indígena. In 2010, 15 million, 7.6% of the Brazilian population, self-identified themselves as preto. However, people who claimed to be "pardo", were 43% of the population. In Brazil, pardo is a race/skin color category used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics in Brazilian censuses. According to IBGE, pardo is a broad classification that encompasses Multiracial Brazilians.Pardos also tend to have African ancestry though in a lower degree than blacks, on average; they also tend to be pred. European in ancestry whereas blacks tend to be largely SSA African in ancestry; all the three ancestries are usually present. In recent years, Brazilian government agencies such as the SEPPIR and the IPEA, in their analysis of socioeconomic indicators, have been considering the categories "preto" and "pardo" together, as a single category called "negro", since the indicators of living conditions of "pardos" and "pretos" are similar and the word "negro" can be used in other contexts, and not only when addressing pretos. However, this decision has caused much controversy, because there is no consensus about it in Brazilian society. (via Freebase)