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Acid throwing, also called an acid attack or vitriolage, is a form of violent assault defined as the act of throwing acid or a similarly corrosive substance onto the body of another "with the intention to disfigure, maim, torture, or kill." Perpetrators of these attacks throw acid at their victims, usually at their faces, burning them, and damaging skin tissue, often exposing and sometimes dissolving the bones. The most common types of acid used in these attacks are sulfuric, nitric, or hydrochloric acid. The long term consequences of these attacks may include blindness, as well as permanent scarring of the face and body, along with far-reaching social, psychological, and economic difficulties. According to researchers and activists, countries typically associated with acid assault include Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Hong Kong, China, United Kingdom, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Ethiopia. Acid attacks have been also reported in Afghanistan, Iran and others. (via Freebase)